Today wool is still the world’s leading animal natural fibre; its complex protein structure is responsible for unique characteristics and properties such as exceptional resilience and elasticity that synthetic fibres just cannot match.
What constitutes a sustainable textile?
Raw material extraction, textile production, added chemistry and end-of-life are the four main factors that constitute a sustainable textile.
For example, Raw material extraction addresses the land and water used to grow natural fibres like wool.
Textile production takes consideration of water and energy used for manufacturing and the social responsibility towards the workers and the communities that surround the production facilities.
Added chemistry, including dyes, finishes and coatings, may impact the health of employees and consumers of the final product.
The end-of-life, including textile biodegradability required to turn it into new raw material, strongly affect its sustainability.
What constitutes a high performance fabric?
Longevity is a big aspect of its sustainability. The garments that must be discarded after a short time are hardly sustainable.
Can we have both sustainability and performance?
Yes, we can if we use the existing fibres that have both performance and sustainable attributes. For example, wool has several sustainable attributes: it is rapidly renewable, biodegradable, recyclable, and can be produced organically. Organic cotton, Bamboo and Hemp are also sustainable and Eco-friendly fabrics.
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